Top 5 Mental Math Methods in the World

Today you can define mental math in various different ways. Some would say, memorizing times table and remembering the solutions can form the part of mental mathematics. Some would say ability to perform simple calculations in your head can be mental mathematics.

The web dictionary defines mental mathematics as “Computing an exact answer without using pencil and paper or other physical aids.”

Today there are five methods available to learn and practice mental mathematics.

Let’s begin with the first one called ‘Learning by Heart’ or better known as the rote memorizing method where your teachers ask you to mug up boring multiplication tables. It not only kills the interest of the child in mathematics but also makes sure that he develops hatred towards the subject for the rest of the years he studies it. This system gives its ardent devotee some degree of success initially as he is able to answer easy problems but then when the supposedly bigger application problems come the steam is almost over.

The second one gives you a good degree of success and I would highly recommend it to the younger lot out there. It hails from China and is popular by the name of The Abacus (also known as the Soroban in Japan). An abacus is a calculating tool, often constructed as a wooden frame with beads sliding on wires. With the use of this tool one can perform calculations relating to addition, subtraction, multiplication and division with ease. Gradually one practices with the tool in one’s hand and later on when experienced he learns to do it without the tool. This tool is then fitted into the mind mentally and he can then add, subtract multiply and divide in seconds. This tool also enhances a child’s concentration levels.

The main drawback of this system is that it focuses only on the 4 mathematical operations. Concepts beyond these operations such as Algebra, Square Roots, Cubes, Squares, Calculus, and Geometry etc cannot be solved using it at all. Also one needs a longer time to be able to fully get a grasp of the system hence you see courses in the abacus stretching to over 2 years which leads the child to boredom and then quitting from the course.

Another Chinese system mainly collected from the book The Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art lays out an approach to mathematics that centers on finding the most general methods of solving problems. Entries in the book usually take the form of a statement of a problem, followed by the statement of the solution, and an explanation of the procedure that led to the solution.

The methods explained in this system can hardly be termed mental and they lack speed to top it all. The Chinese were definitely the most advanced of the civilization thanks to the Yangtze and Yellow Rivers but if I were to choose out of the two methods given by this culture It would be the abacus.

If wars have a 99.99% downside, sometimes they can have an upside too for they give birth to stories of hope and creativity. The next mental math system was developed during the Second World War in the Nazi Concentration Camp by a Ukrainian Mathematician Jakow Trachtenberg to keep his mind occupied. What resulted is now known as the Trachtenberg Speed System of Mathematics and consists of Rapid Mental Methods of doing Mathematics.

The system consists of a number of readily memorized patterns that allow one to perform arithmetic computations very quickly. It has wider applications than the Abacus and apart from the four basic operation methods it covers Squares and Square Roots.

The method focuses mostly on Multiplication and it even gives patterns for multiplication by particular number say 5,6,7 and even 11 and 12. It then gives a general method for rapid multiplication and a special two finger method. After practicing the method myself I realized that the multiplication was a very applicable mental method but the other methods covered to solve division and square roots were not very friendly and were impossible to be done mentally. I was in search of a much better wholesome method where I could easily perform other operations also. Another drawback of this system was that it too like the abacus failed to have a wider scope i.e to encompass other fields like Algebra, Calculus, Trignometry, Cube Roots etc

A Recommendation by a friend of mine from America introduced me to what is known as the Kumon Math Method. It was founded by a Japanese educator Toru Kumon in 1950s and as of 2007 over 4 million children were studying under the Kumon Method in over 43 different countries.

Students do not work together as a class but progress through the curriculum at their own pace, moving on to the next level when they have achieved mastery of the previous level. This sometimes involves repeating the same set of worksheets until the student achieves a satisfactory score within a specified time limit. In North American Kumon Centers, the mathematics program starts with very basic skills, such as pattern recognition and counting, and progresses to increasingly challenging subjects, such as calculus, probability and statistics. The Kumon Method does not cover geometry as a separate topic but provides sufficient geometry practice to meet the prerequisites for trigonometry, which is covered within the Kumon math program.

I was much impressed with the glamour around Kumon but a glimpse of its curriculum deeply disappointed me. It is not mental at all. It does not offer any special methods to do mathematics and one does not improve one’s speed by doing Kumon Math. There is a set curriculum of worksheets which one does till one achieves mastery in the subject. So say for example a sheet on Divison- one would continue to do division by the conventional method till he gets a satisfactory score and then he moves on to a higher level. This certainly doesn’t make division any faster and the process is certainly not mental.

A deep thought on the reason of its tremendous popularity in America led me to conclude was the lack of a franchisee business model of the abacus and the Trachtenberg speed system in the 1950s. The franchisee model was essential in taking the course from country to country. This is where Toru Kumon thrived.

Dissapointed with other cultures in the world, my search made me look in my own Indian culture. What I found astonished and amazed me so much that I fell in love with the system and started coaching neighbourhood students in it.

This is easily the World’s Fastest Mental Mathematics System called High Speed Vedic Mathematics. It has its roots in Ancient Indian Scriptures called the Vedas meaning ‘the fountain head of knowledge’. With it not only you can add, subtract, multiply or divide which is the limiting factor of the abacus but you can also solve complex mathematics such as algebra, geometry, Calculus, and Trigonometry. Some of the most advanced, complex and arduous problems can be solved using the Vedic Maths method with extreme ease.

And all this with just 16 word formulas written in Sanskrit.

High Speed Vedic Mathematics was founded by Swami Sri Bharati Krishna Tirthaji Maharaja who was the Sankaracharya (Monk of the Highest Order) of Govardhan Matha in Puri between 1911 and 1918. They are called “Vedic” as because the sutras are contained in the Atharva Veda - a branch of mathematics and engineering in the Ancient Indian Scriptures.

High Speed Vedic Mathematics is far more systematic, simplified and unified than the conventional system. It is a mental tool for calculation that encourages the development and use of intuition and innovation, while giving the student a lot of flexibility, fun and satisfaction . For your child, it means giving them a competitive edge, a way to optimize their performance and gives them an edge in mathematics and logic that will help them to shine in the classroom and beyond.

Therefore it’s direct and easy to implement in schools – a reason behind its enormous popularity among academicians and students. It complements the Mathematics curriculum conventionally taught in schools by acting as a powerful checking tool and goes to save precious time in examinations.

The Trachtenberg Method is often compared to Vedic Mathematics. Infact even some of the multiplication methods are strikingly similar. The Trachtenberg system comes the closest to the Vedic System in comparison and ease of the methods. But the ease and mental solvability of the other method especially division, square roots, cube roots, Algebraic Equations, Trigonometry, Calculus etc clearly gives the Vedic System an edge. Even NASA is said to be using some of this methods applications in the field of artificial intelligence.

There are just 16 Vedic Math sutras or word formulas which one needs to practice in order to be efficient in Vedic Math system. Sutras or Word Math Formulas such as the Vertically and Crosswise, All from Nine and Last from ten helps to solve complex problems with ease and also a single formula can be applied in two or more fields at the same time. The Vertically and Crosswise formula is one such gem by which one can multiply, find squares, solve simultaneous equations and find the determinant of a matrix all at the same time.

If either of these methods is learned at an early age, a student aged 14 can perform lightening fast calculations easily during his examinations and ace through them.

Vedic Mathematics is fast gaining popularity in this millennium. It is being considered as the only mental math system suited for a child as it helps to develop his numerical as well as mental abilities. The methods are new and practical and teach only Mental Rapid Mathematics.

The system does not focus on learning by repetition as in the Kumon Method. The system focuses on improving intelligence by teaching fundamentals and alternate methods. The purpose is not limited to improving performance in the school or tests, but on providing a broader outlook resulting in improved mathematical intelligence and mental sharpness.

To know more about the Vedic Mathematics Sutras – The World’s Fastest Mental Math System you can visit http://www.vedicmathsindia.org

This Article is by Gaurav Tekriwal,, The President of the Vedic Maths Forum India who has been conducting High Speed Vedic Math Workshops for the last five years and has trained over seven thousand students across the world in the field. He is the author of the best selling DVD on the subject which contains over 10 hours on the subject. He is an expert in the field and revolutionizes the way children learn math.

Chemical Peels: An Untold Secret to Ageless Skin

Chemical Peeling consists in applying on the skin of one or more chemicals that cause desquamation and removal of dead cells. The facial peel is an intervention of aesthetic medicine consisting of treating the different layers of the skin so as to renew it and thus, reduce skin imperfections. It allows to restore the skin of the face its natural radiance and to make “new skin.”

Its action is to stimulate cell turnover and produce collagen: the skin will look brighter, fresh, toned and polished. Depending on the problem, age and condition of the skin, doctors’ cosmetologists choose the right concentration for you and the composition of the peeling program.

Peel is indicated to correct skin imperfections on the face, neck, décolleté and top of the hands. It helps, in particular, to fix the dull complexion, dilated pores, fine lines and wrinkles, acne scars, crumpled eyes, dark circles, age spots, anti-ageing treatments and sagging facial skin.

In the chemical peeling procedure, particular solutions containing acids are used. They penetrate the skin and activate all cellular processes. Depending on the composition and concentration, such actions as leveling the skin’s relief, reducing the depth of wrinkles, clarifying the pigment spots, reducing the activity of the sebaceous glands, which helps reduce inflammation on the face and restore moisture to the skin.

The chemical peel is superficial; alpha and beta hydracids are used to perform it. Due to these acids, dryness and flabbiness of the skin are eliminated, it triggers internal rejuvenation mechanisms responsible for its natural moisturizing and skin radiance. It helps to cope with inflammation on the face and reduces pigmentation much better than botox treatment.

The first effect is noticeable immediately. At least, the texture of the skin is levelled, and the complexion improves.

To achieve a full and consistent result, a different number of procedures are required. It depends on the skin type, the problem, the duration and complexity of the problem, etc. On average, the required number of procedures is 4-6.

The main effects of the peeling procedure:

• Texture and skin color alignment;

• Purification and reduction of pores;

• Stimulation of the skin’s processes;

• Stimulation of the synthesis of collagen

• Skin lifting;

• Improvement of microcirculation;

• Lymphatic drainage.

• Reducing the depth of under eye wrinkles

What imperfections to correct with a peel?

By promoting cell renewal, a good peel can sometimes cause real change. It can, thus reduce or even eliminate the damage, caused to the skin by the sun, especially brown spots. It can cure problems of skin pigmentation, including the famous pregnancy mask, hyperpigmentation appearing during exposure to the sun during pregnancy. The peel is also used to treat acne especially when it causes comedones and microcysts, or its consequences: pigmented spots and acne scars, among others.

By stimulating the production of collagen, the peel can help with anti-ageing technology or fight against sagging skin. Smokers or stressed ones are also great lovers of the peel. The cloudy, gray or yellowish complexion caused by tobacco and tension does not resist the disappearance of dead cells. In this case, the frequency and intensity of the peel are to adapt to the peculiarities of your skin: if you continue to smoke, in particular, the procedure will need to be renewed!

How to Remove Smart Internet Protection 2011 – Complete Removal Tutorial

Smart Internet Protection 2011 is a fake program that aims to scam as many users as possible. The program was created by hackers, with the main purpose of it being to infect computers and trick as many users as possible into thinking that it's a legitimate application.

What Is This Virus?

The application is actually just a very cunning virus. It spreads through the system by installing itself in different parts of the computer or in different components. Once the program has been installed, it will attempt to scare you into purchasing the fake upgrades that it offers as the only solution to prevent permanent damage to your computer. You should never, under any circumstances, agree to installing the product or purchasing its upgrade. However, in case the application has already been installed, it's necessary to remove it as soon as you can. A number of removal methods for Smart Internet Protection 2011 are enumerated in this discussion.

Smart Internet Protection 2011 is classified by software security experts as a malicious kind of application, often labeled as malware. It is capable of infecting the computer and taking control of many processes. The sole purpose of the program is to get users to buy the fake upgrade and steal any valuable personal data it can find. There are several ways that Smart Internet Protection 2011 can invade your computer. It could be through a fake email attachment, dodgy website or a malicious download. Once the program gets inside the system, it prevails a lot of programs from properly running. It can also steal and delete important files and documents. To make sure that the program will not persistently cause any problems, you need take note of the following procedures outline in this discussion.

How To Remove Smart Internet Protection 2011

The way to get rid of Smart Internet Protection 2011 is to first stop the virus from running before removing it from your computer for good. The problem is that since this virus is going to disable your antivirus programs, you have to first stop the program from loading before being able to get rid of it. To do this, you can either manually restart your system into "Safe Mode" (which stops the virus) and then delete the files it will be using, or use a piece of software called a "malware removal tool". Either way, you have to stop the program from running before deleting it completely.

The best way to get rid of this virus we've found is to use a "malware removal tool" – as these programs scan through your computer and get rid of any of the issues that may be inside. The best is Frontline Rogue Remover, which has proven to be incredibly successful in tackling fake antivirus infections like Smart Internet Protection 2011. This type of application specifically targets malware programs, shuts down their actions and deletes them from your PC. It can be downloaded from the internet and easily installed onto the computer.

Billboard Advertising Cost

Putting up billboards as a way of advertising is one reliably inexpensive medium of giving information to the public. In terms of exposure as compared to other media, billboards are visible at all times of the day to thousands of people for as long as the contract stipulates.

Hand painted billboards were originally the style before. Since it was too time consuming and labor intensive, it did not give the advertiser much flexibility. But with the advent of technology, an ad can now be designed on the computer, printed on vinyl or a special paper allowing it to be pasted on the board easily. Poster panels, a standard type of billboard, are ads printed on poster paper and then glued to the frame. Exposure using this material may last up to two months costing less than a thousand dollars. In contrast, the bulletin billboard, where ads are printed on vinyl material may last for a year at a much higher cost. It goes without saying that the more durable the material, and the longer it is exposed, the higher the expense for the company. The use of three dimensional figures along with a short and easy to remember tag line is also a new trend in billboards.

Billboard design can be handled by advertising agencies, sign companies or the billboard companies' in-house design team.

Finding the right place to put up a billboard advertisement is a significant decision. Without one owners the property, a lease agreement with the owner of the lot is drafted. When the property is identified, permits from concerned governing bodies are obtained. To avoid this hassle, most companies prefer to negotiate and rent from an outdoor advertising agency. As experts in this field, signage permits is a part of their usual routine to complete the transaction.

Consider the maintenance of the billboard and its usual wear & tear. One has to contend with zoning laws specifically in big cities that restrict the placement of big size ads. These issues are being handled by the outdoor company. Dealing with them also gives flexibility to the advertiser by rotating the billboards in different locations. On his part, a conscientious advertiser monitors the rotation and placement of the ads as agreed in the contract. There are some of the reasons why it is more cost effective to hire and deal with an expert rather than go at this project alone.

The billboard's message should be catchy, brief and not too detailed for the product or service to be remembered. Bear in mind that usually, billboards are just one of the many avenues employed by a company to advertise its products. But the overall cost is comparable to a one day full page ad in a major newspaper. How the billboards come across to the moving target market and the image it projects are significant concerns of the advertiser. In the end, billboard advertisements may very well serve the purpose.